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   Within the framework of the Global Fund project in Turkmenistan, the National Red Crescent Society of Turkmenistan, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program, is implementing the project “Managing the Cycle of Social Assistance for TB Patients”. Within the framework of this project, the NRCST nurses provide psychosocial support for TB patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and also conducts training sessions with them, where they inform patients about drugs and their side effects, about the TB treatment regimen. Arrange regular home appointments with patients. All of these activities are aimed at supporting the patient to complete their treatment. During the period of the project, many patients have successfully completed their treatment, having achieved a complete cure from the disease, and this is a significant contribution of the NRCST nurses. Treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis lasts up to 2 years, during which time the patient must take pills daily. Treatment for tuberculosis has side effects, especially if the patient has other underlying medical conditions. But even with the most successful treatment, such a long course of treatment causes psychological fatigue, and not all patients have the willpower to continue treatment without additional support from outside. Various family circumstances of the patient may also affect treatment. That is, ensuring that every patient completes a full course of TB treatment is a daunting task that must take into account a range of medical, social and psychological factors. Patient support is tailored to the individual patient and her / his family. Here is what the patient Lyudmila E., who fell ill two years ago and now has been recovered, says: “Two years ago I was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Hearing the diagnosis, I fell into despair, all day long I was just lying. Yes, I took pills, but I did not believe in the success of the treatment. Today I am cured. In my success over the disease, there is a great merit of my attending doctors and the nurse of the NRCST Ataeva Bahar. Doctors observed the correctness of treatment and examination. And Bahar became my advisor, providing me with psychological support and infecting me with her cheerfulness, she helped me to overcome the most difficult periods of my illness. I would like to express my gratitude to the leader of the NRCST, because The NRCST provided me not only psychological support, but also assistance in the form of dairy and other food products. I did not overcome the disease alone, doctors and NRCST helped me comprehensively. Thank you very much!". The words of Lyudmila E. are an example of the impact of our humanitarian activities on the restoration of people's health and inspires us to continue these activities at a higher level.

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

– Humanity

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance
without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and
national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose
is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual
understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.

– Impartiality

It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It
endeavors to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give
priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

– Neutrality

In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or
engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.

– Independence

The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services
of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain
their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the
Movement.

– Voluntary service

It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.

– Unity

There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open
to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.

– Universality

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status
and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.
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2022-12-08